Episode 6: Two Philips, Two Charles, and Many Jacques

The Battle of Poitiers was similar to the Battle of Crecy a decade earlier. Both battles saw large French Armies destroyed by relatively small English Forces. In this painting by Eugene Delacroix (most famous for Liberty Leading the People) we see King John making his last stand with his youngest son Philip by his side. John and Philip would be captured and brought to England in the battle’s aftermath.

1356 was a year of disaster for the French Crown. The Battle of Poitiers saw King John captured and taken to England, the French army significantly weakened, and central authority collapse. Back in France, John’s oldest son the Dauphin Charles was struggling to hold it all together. English raids, peasant revolt, and Norman rebellion all caused headache after headache for the Dauphin while John and his youngest son Philip, now called the Bold for his exploits at Poitiers, had a comfortable English imprisonment. When John and Philip finally made it back to France, the King was determined to give Philip the Bold a proper token to show his gratitude, the wealthy and powerful Duchy of Burgundy.

Time Period Covered: 1356-1364

Notable People: Philip of Rouvres, Philip the Bold, King Charles V, Charles the Bad, Etienne Marcel, King John the Good, Edward the Black Prince, Margaret of Flanders

Notable Events/Developments: Battle of Poitiers, The Jacquerie, Treaty of Bretigny


The Hundred Years War: Trial by Battle by Jonathan Sumption

The Hundred Years War: Trial by Fire by Jonathan Sumption

The Hundred Years War by Robert Neillands

Philip the Bold by Richard Vaughan

The Golden Age of Burgundy by Joseph Calmette

The Black Prince and the Capture of a King by Marilyn Livingstone and Morgen Witzel

Chronicles by Jean Froissart

The Burgundians by Bart Van Loo

The Promised Lands by Wim Blockmans and Walter Prevenier


One thought on “Episode 6: Two Philips, Two Charles, and Many Jacques

  1. I continue to enjoy the podcast! I’ll be sad to see the medieval French coverage decrease as the focus moves, but much of excitement remains to be had in Burgundy, on we go!

    Some more pronunciation advice:

    Poitou: pwa-toe
    Langres – lon-gruh
    Bertrand du Guesclin – bare-tron-do-gey-clan


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