In 1396, Count John of Nevers, son of Duke Philip the Bold of Burgundy, led a Crusade against the Ottoman Empire. In this first part of three on the Crusade of Nicopolis we will explore the two other major players in this crusade. The Kingdom of Hungary which initiated the call, and the Ottoman Empire, the target of the Crusade.
Time Period Covered: 1299 – 1395
Notable People: Charles Robert of Hungary, Louis the Great of Hungary, Sigismund of Luxembourg, Mircea the Elder, Osman I, Orhan I, Murad I, Bayezid the Thunderbolt, Lazar of Serbia, Stefan Lazarevic
Notable Events/Developments: Angevin Rule in Hungary, Rise of the Ottomans, Battle of Maritsa, Battle of Kosovo
Thank you to Veronica Fortune from the Passed Podcast and Roberto Toro from The History of Saqartvelo Georgia and Tsar Power for reading the quotes for this episode.
The Crusade of Nicopolis by Dr. Aziz Suryal Atiya
Nicopolis 1396 by David Nicolle
From Nicopolis to Mohacs: A History of Ottoman-Hungarian Warfare by Tamas Palosfalvi
Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State by Cemal Kafadar
The Ottoman Empire 1300-1650: The Structure of Power by Colin Imber
Osman’s Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire by Caroline Finkel
Angevin Dynasties of Europe 900-1500: Lords of the Greater Part of the World by Jeffrey Anderson
The Rise of the Ottoman Empire by Paul Wittek
Philip the Bold by Richard Vaughan
The Hundred Years War: Divided Houses by Jonathan Sumption